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LPC library contents

Vascular plants

Pollen

Wood, macrofossils, non-vascular plants

Paleolimnology: Phytoplankton

Paleolimnology: Zooplankton and other indicators

Sediments, lab techniques and general texts in paleoenvironmental science

 

Vascular Plants

  • Aitken, M. and C. Gray Parks. 2004. Guide to Potentilla Species of the Blue Mountains Ecoregion. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-603. Portland, Oregon.
  • Anonymous. 1975. Key to the tribes of the Poaceae. unpubl ms. University of Maine at Orono, Dept of Botany.
  • Anonymous. n.d. Key to the species of the Liliaceae in the vicinity or Orono, Maine. unpubl ms. University of Maine at Orono, Dept of Botany.
  • Arbelaez, Enrique P. 1956. Plantas Utiles de Colombia. Lebreria Columbiana-Camacho Roldan (Cia. Ltda.). Bogota.
  • Argus, G. 1973. The Genus Salix in Alaska and the Yukon. National Museums of Canada Publications in Botany No. 2. Ottawa.
  • Barkley, T.M. (ed). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. The Great Plains Flora Association. University Press of Kansas.
  • Bassett, I.J. 1973. The Plantains of Canada. Mongraph No. 7. Research Branch, Canada Department of Agriculture. Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Blamey, M. and C. Grey-Wilson. 1992. La Flore de France et d'Europe occidentale. Eclectis. Grande-Bretagne.
  • Boivin, B. 1992. Les Cypéracées de l'est du Canada. Provancheria 25. Université Laval.
  • Brayshaw, T.C. 1963. Key to Native Trees of Canada. Canada Department of Forestry. Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Burt, P. 1991. Barrenland Beauties. Outcrop Ltd. Yellowknife, NWT.
  • Chung, I.-C. 1989. Eastern North America as seen by a botanist: Pictorial. I. The arctic region. Samhwa Printing Co. Seoul, Korea.
  • Cody, William J. 2000. Addendum Flora of the Yukon Territory. Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre. Research Branch. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Cody, William. 1996. Flora of the Yukon Territory. National Research Council of Canada Press. Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Cody, William. 2000. Flora of the Yukon Territory. Second Edition. National Research Council of Canada Press. Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Copple, R.F. and C.P. Pase. 1978. A vegetative key to some common Arizona Range Grasses. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM-53.
  • Courtenay, B. and J. Zimmerman. 1972. Wildflowers and Weeds. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. New York.
  • Farrar, J. 1996. Les arbres du Canada. FIDES.
  • Fassett, N.C. 1976. Spring flora of Wisconsin. 4th edition revised by O. Thomson. University of Wisconsin Press. Madison, Wisconsin.
  • Flora of the Russian Arctic. Volume 1, 2, 3 Translated.
  • Flora of the Russian Arctic. Vol VII, VIII in Russian.
  • Gale, Shirley. 1944. Rhynchospora, Section Eurhynchospora, In Canada, the United States and the West Indies. Rhodora Journal of The New England Botanical Club. Volume 46, Number 544.
  • Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of the vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. D. van Nostrand Co. New York.
  • Glimn-Lacy, J. and P. Kaufman. 1984. Botany Illustrated. Introduction to plants. Major Groups. Flowering Plant Families. Chapman & Hall. New York.
  • Hitchcock, A.S. 1950. Manual of the Grasses of the United States. Volume 1. 2nd revised edition by A. Chase. Dover Publications. New York.
  • Hitchcock, A.S. 1950. Manual of the Grasses of the United States. Volume 2. 2nd revised edition by A. Chase. Dover Publications. New York.
  • Hitchcock, C.L. and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press. Seattle, Washington.
  • Hosie, R.C. 1979. Native trees of Canada. Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd. Don Mills Ontario.
  • Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories. Stanford U Press.
  • Hyland, F. 1974. The conifers of Maine. Bulletin 345 Revised. Cooperative Extension Service. University of Maine at Orono.
  • Hyland, F. and B. Hoisington. 1977. The woody plants of Sphagnous bogs of northern New England and Adjacent Canada. Life Sciences and Agriculture Experiment Station - University of Maine at Orono. Bulletin 744.
  • Jaques, H.E. 1949. Plant families: how to know them. Wm C. Brown Co. Dubuque, Iowa.
  • Johnson, D., L. Kershaw, A. MacKinnon & J. Pojar. 1995. Plants of the western Boreal Forest and Aspen Parkland. Lone Pine Press.
  • LaBonte, G.A., D.A. Stark and R.W. Nash. 1968. Forest Trees of Maine. Bulletin 24. 9th edition. Maine Forestry Department. Augusta Maine.
  • LaBonte, G.A., D.A. Stark and R.W. Nash. 1973. Forest Trees of Maine. Bulletin 24. 10th edition. Maine Forestry Department. Augusta Maine.
  • Larhing, Heinjo. 2003.Water and Wetland Plants of the Prairie Provinces. A field book for Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and the Northern United States. Canadian Plains Research Center. University of Regina. Regina, Saskatchewan.
  • Little, E.L. Jr and B.H. Honkala. 1976. Trees and shrubs of the United States. A bibliography for identification. USDA Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication No. 1336. Washington D.C.
  • Little, E.L. Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States Trees. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, D.C.
  • Lloyd, R. M. and R.S. Mitchell. 1973. A flora of the White Mountains, California and Nevada. University of California Press. Berkeley, California.
  • Lyons, C.P. and B. Merilees. 1995. Trees, Shrubs & Flowers to Know in Washington & British Columbia. Lone Pine Publishing. Edmonton, Alberta.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1987. The plant book. Cambridge.
  • Mackinnon, A., J. Pojar and R. Coupé (eds). 1992. Plants of Northern British Columbia. Lone Pine Publishing. Edmonton, Alberta.
  • Marie-Victorin, Frere. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. Les Presses de l'Universite Montreal. Montreal, Quebec.
  • McDougall, W.B. 1973. Seed plants of northern Arizona. Museum of Northern Arizona. Flagstaff, Arizona.
  • McLachlan, K.I., S.G. Aiken, L.P. Lefkovitch and S.A. Edlund. 1989. Grasses of the Queen Elizabeth Islands. Canadian Journal of Botany 67:2088-2105.
  • Moore, R.J. and C. Frankton. 1974. The thistles of Canada. Mongraph No. 10. Canada Department of Agriculture. Research Branch. Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Moss, E.H. 1983. Flora of Alberta. Second edition revised by J.G. Packer. University of Toronto Press. Toronto, Ontario.
  • Neelands, R.W. 1974. Important Trees of Eastern Forests. USDA Forest Service.
  • Porsild, A. 1955. The vascular plants of the western Canadian Arctic Archipelago. National Museum of Canada Bulletin No 135.
  • Porsild, A.E. 1973. Illustrated flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago (1957). Bulletin 146. National Museums of Canada. Ottawa.
  • Porsild, A.E. and W.J. Cody. 1968. Checklist of the vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. Canada Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.
  • Porsild, A.E. and W.J. Cody. 1980. Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa.
  • Porter, C.L. 1967. Taxonomy of Flowering Plants. W.H. Freeman & Co. San Francisco, California.
  • Pratt, V. 1991. Wildflowers along the Alaska Highway. Alaskakrafts, Inc.
  • Robitaille, A. and J.-P. Saucier. 1998. Paysages régionaux du Québec méridional. Les publications du Québec. Sainte-Foy, Québec.
  • Robuck, O. Wayne. 1989. Common alpine of southeast Alaska. USDA PNW Res Sta. Misc Publication.
  • Roland, A.E. and E.C. Smith. 1966. The Flora of Nova Scotia. Part I. The Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. In Heaps, H.S. (ed). Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. Vol 26. Part 2. Rolph-Clark-Stone-Eastern Ltd. Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • Roland, A.E. and E.C. Smith. 1969. The Flora of Nova Scotia. Part II. The Dicotyledons. In Young, E.G. (ed). Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science. Vol 26. Part 4. Rolph-Clark-Stone-Eastern Ltd. Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • Rousseau, Camille. 1974.Geographie Floristique du Quebec/Labrador. Distribution des Principales especes vasculaires. Travaux et Documents du Centre d'Etudes Nordiques. Les Presses de l'Universite Laval. Quebec.
  • Sargent, C.S. 1922. Manual of the trees of North America. Volume 1. Dover Publs. New York.
  • Sargent, C.S. 1922. Manual of the trees of North America. Volume 2. Dover Publs. New York.
  • Scoggan, H.J. 1950. The flora of Bic and the Gaspe Peninsula. National Museum of Canada Bulletin No 115. Ottawa.
  • Scoggan, H.J. 1978. The Flora of Canada. 4 volumes. National Museum of Natural Sciences. Ottawa.
  • Soper, J.H. and M.L. Heimburger. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario. Royal Ontario Museum. Toronto, Ontario.
  • Stevens, O.A. 1950.Handbook of North Dakota Plants. North Dakota Agricultural College. Fargo, N. D.
  • Svenson, H.K. 1929,1939,1953. Monographs of Eleocharis. Rhodora.
  • Thompson, R. S. et al. 1999. Atlas of Relations Between Climatic Parameters and Distributions of Important Trees and Shrubs in North America-Hardwoods. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1650-B. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. Denver, Colorado.
  • Thompson, R. S. et al. 1999. Atlas of Relations Between Climatic Parameters and Distributions of Important Trees and Shrubs in North America-Introduction and Conifers. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1650-A. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. Denver, Colorado.
  • Thompson, R. S. et al. 2000. Atlas of Relations Between Climatic Parameters and Distributions of Important Trees and Shrubs in North America-Additional Conifers, Hardwoods, and Monocots. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1650-C. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. Denver, Colorado.
  • Thornton, B.J. and L.W. Durell. 1933. Colorado Weeds. Bulletin 403. Colorado Agricultural College. Fort Collins, Colorado.
  • Viereck, L and E. Little. 1972. Alaska Trees and Shrubs. USDA Agriculture Handbook 410.
  • Wagner, W.L. and E.L. Aldon. 1978. Manual of the saltbushes (Atriplex spp.) in New Mexico. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM-57.
  • Weber, W. 1976. Rocky Mountain Flora. Colorado Associated University Press. Boulder, Colorado.
  • Weng, C. and Stephen T. Jackson. 2000. Species differentiation of North American spruce (Picea) based on morphological and anatomical characteristics of needles. NRC Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany. 78:1367-1383.
  • Wilson, L.F. 1977. A Guide to Insect Injury of Conifers in the Lake States. Agriculture Handbook No. 501. Forest Service United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, D.C.
  • Wood, C.E. Jr. 1974. A student's atlas of flowering plants: some dicotyledons of eastern North America. Harper & Row. New York.

Pollen

  • Absy, M.L. n.d. A palynological study of Holocene sediments in the Amazon Basin. Ph.D. thesis. University of Amsterdam.
  • Adams, R.J. and J.K. Morton. 1972. An atlas of pollen of the trees and shrubs of eastern Canada and the adjacent United States. Part I. Gymnospermae to Fagaceae. University of Waterloo Biology Series No. 8.
  • Adams, R.J. and J.K. Morton. 1974. An atlas of pollen of the trees and shrubs of eastern Canada and the adjacent United States. Part II. Ulmaceae to Rosaceae. University of Waterloo Biology Series No. 9.
  • Adams, R.J. and J.K. Morton. 1976. An atlas of pollen of the trees and shrubs of eastern Canada and the adjacent United States. Part III. Leguminosae to Cornaceae. University of Waterloo Biology Series No. 10.
  • Adams, R.J. and J.K. Morton. 1979. An atlas of pollen of the trees and shrubs of eastern Canada and the adjacent United States. Part IV. Clethraceae to Caprifoliaceae. University of Waterloo Biology Series No. 11.
  • Ammann, B.R. 19??. A pollenmorphological distinction between Pinus banksiana Lamb. and P. resinosa Ait. Pollen and Spores 19:521-529.
  • Anderson, P. et al. 1993. Research protocols for pale Paleoclimates of Arctic Lakes and Estuaries. Pages Workshop Report, Series 94-1. Pale Steering Committtee.
  • Anonymous. n.d. Cle specifique des Pediastrum. unpubl. ms.
  • Argue, C.L. 1990. Pollen morphology of Deinostema, Geochorda, Gratiola, Ildefonsia, Sophronanthe and Tragiola (Scrophulariaceae, Gratioleae, Gratiolinae). Canadian Journal of Botany 68:1651-1660.
  • Bagnell, C.R. 1975. Species distinction among pollen grains of Abies, Picea and Pinus in the Rocky Mountain area (a scanning electron microscope study). Review of palaeobotany and palynology 19:203-220.
  • Bassett, I.J., C.W. Crompton and J.A. Parmelee. 1978. An atlas of airborne pollen grains and common fungus spores of Canada. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada. Mongraph no 18.
  • Belling, A.J. and C.J. Heusser. 1974. Spore morphology of the Polypodiaceae of northeastern North America. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 101:326-339.
  • Belling, A.J. and C.J. Heusser. 1975. Spore morphology of the Polypodiaceae of northeastern North America. II. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 102:115-127.
  • Birks, H.J.B. and S.M. Peglar. 1979. Identification of Picea pollen of Late Quaternary age in eastern North America: a numerical approach. National Research Council of Canada.
  • Bonnefille, R. 1971. Atlas des pollens d'Ethiopie. Pollens actuels de la basse vallee de l'Omo, recoltes botaniques 1968. Adansonia ser 2 11:463-518.
  • Bonnefille, R. 1971. Atlas des pollens d'Ethiopie. Principales especes des forets de montagne. Pollen et spores 13:15-72.
  • Bonnefille, R. and G. Riollet. 1980. Pollens des savanes d'Afrique orientale. Editions des du CNRS. Paris.
  • Brubaker, L.B., Graumlich, L.J., and Anderson, P.M. 1987. Am evaluation of statistical techniques for discriminating Picea glauca from Picea mariana pollen in northern Alaska. Can. J. Bot. 65:899-906.
  • Brubaker, L.B., P.M. Anderson, B.M. Murray, and D. Koon. 1998. A Palynological investigation of true-moss (Bryidae) spores: morphology and occurrence in modern and late Quaternary lake sediments of Alaska. Can. J. Bot. 76:2145-2157.
  • Burden, E. and L. Hills. 1989. Illustrated key to genera of lower Cretaceous Terrestrial Palynomorphs (excluding megaspores) of Western Canada. AASP Contribution Series Number 21.
  • Campbell, I.D. 1992. Formula and nomogram for estimating the number of regularly patterned elements on the surface of a spheroidal microfossil. Review of palaeobotany and palynology 72:165-167.
  • Caramiello, R. et al. Flora Palinoligica Italiana. Aerobiology.
  • Colinvaux, P., P de Oliveira and J Patino. 1999. Amazon pollen manual and atlas.Harwood academic Publishers.
  • Comtois, P. 1981. Diametre pollinique de quelques especes tourbicoles de Betula. Naturaliste canadien 108:471-471.
  • Comtois, P. and A. Larouche. 1981. Morphologie pollinique des Ericales du Quebec. Naturaliste canadien 108:245-262.
  • Cranwell, L.M. 1953. New Zealand Pollen Studies The Monocotyledons. Bulletin of the Aukland Institute and Museum. No. 3. Harvard U Press.
  • Cwynar, Les C. 1982. A Late-Quaternary Vegetation History from Hanging Lake, Northern Yukon. Ecological Monographs, 52(1), pp. 1-24. Ecological Society of America.
  • Erdtman, G. 1952. Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. Angiosperms. Almqvist & Wiksell, Stockholm.
  • Faegri, K. and J. Iversen. 1975. Textbook of pollen analysis. 3rd revised edition. Hafner Press, New York.
  • Faegri, K. and J. Iversen. 1989. Which Plant? Identification keys for the Northwest European Pollen Flora extracted from Textbook of Pollen Analysis. 4th edition. John Willey & Sons. 2 Copies.
  • Faegri, K., P Kaland and K Krzywinski. 1989. Textbook of pollen analysis. 4th edition. Blackburn Press.
  • Fredskild, Brent. 1973. Studies in the Vegetation History of Greenland. Paleobotanical Investigations of Some Holocene Lake and Bog Deposits. Kobenhavn C.A. Reistzels Forlag. Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri A/S.
  • Fuhsiung, Wang, C. Nanfen, Z. Yulong and Y. Huiqiu. 1995. Pollen flora of China. 2nd ed. Institute of Botany.
  • Guers, J et al. 1971. Palynologie africaine XI. Bull l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire 33: Serie A, No 2.
  • Hamilton, A. 1975. Identification of East African Urticales pollen. Pollen et spores 18: 27-66.
  • Hansen, B.C. and D.R. Engstrom. 1985. A comparison of numerical and qualitative methods of separating pollen of black and white spruce. Can. J. Bot. 63: 2159-2163.
  • Harris, W.F. 1955. A Manual of the Spores of New Zealand Pteridophyta. R.E. Owen, Government Printer. Wellington, New Zealand.
  • Hebda, R.J., C.C. Chinnappa and B.M. Smith. 1988. Pollen morphology of the Rosaceae of western Canada. I. Agrimonia to Crataegus. Grana 27:95-113.
  • Hebda, R.J., C.C. Chinnappa and B.M. Smith. 1988. Pollen morphology of the Rosaceae of western Canada. II. Dryas, Fragaria, Holodiscus. Canadian Journal of Botany 66:595-612.
  • Hebda, R.J., C.C. Chinnappa and B.M. Smith. 1990. Pollen morphology of the Rosaceae of western Canada. III. Geum. Canadian Journal of Botany 68:1369-1378.
  • Hebda, R. et al. 1991. Pollen morphology of the Rosaceae of western Canada. IV. Canadian Journal of Botany 69:2583-2596
  • Hebda, R and C Chinnappa. 1990. Studies on the pollen morphology of Rosaceae in Canada. Review of Palaeobotany and palynology 64: 103-108.
  • Hebda, R and C Chinnappa. 1994. Studies on the pollen morphology of Rosaceae in Canada. Acta bot, Gallica. 141: 183-193.
  • Helmich, D. 1963. Pollen morphology in the maples (Acer L.) Michigan academy of Science, Arts and Letters 48:151-164.
  • Heusser, C.J. 1971. Pollen and spores of Chile. University of Arizona Press. Tucson.
  • Heusser, C.J. and D.M. Peteet. 1988. Spores of Lycopodium and Selaginella of North Pacific America. Canadian Journal of Botany 66:508-525.
  • Ho, R.H. 1991. A Guide to Pollen- and Seed-Cone Morphology of Black Spruce, White Spruce, Jack Pine and Eastern White Pine for Controlled Pollination. Ontario Forest Research Institute. Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario.
  • Hooghiemstra, H. 1984. Vegetational and climatic history of the high plain of Bogota, Colombia: a continuous record of the last 3.5 million years. Dissertationes Botanicae Band 79.
  • Ives, J.W. 1977. Pollen separation of three North American birches. Arctic and Alpine Research 9:73-80.
  • Jansonius, J and D.C. McGregor. 1996. Palynology: principles and applicaitons (3 volumes). AASP Foundation.
  • Jarzen, D. 1976. Palynological Research at the National Museum of Natural Sciences. Syllogeus No 10. National Museums of Canada.
  • Jarzen, D. and G. Whalen. 1978. Catalogue of the pollen and spore exchange collection, National Museum of Natural Sciences. Syllogeus No 16. National Museums of Canada.
  • Jones, G., V. Bryant, Jr., M. Lieux, S. Jones and P. Lingren. 1995. Pollen of the southeastern United States: with emphasis on melissopalynology and entomopalynology. AASP Contribution Series Number 30.
  • Kapp, R. 1969. How to know the pollen and spores. Wm.C. Brown Company. Dubuque. Iowa.
  • Kuhry, P. 1988. Palaeobotanical-palaeoecological studies of high Andean Peatbog sections (Cordillera Oriental, Colombia). Dissertationes Botanicae Band 116. J. Cramer. Berlin.
  • Lewis, W.H., P. Vinay and V.E. Zenger. 1983. Airborne and Allergenic pollen of North America. Johns Hopkins U Press. Baltimore.
  • LĂ©zine, A-M. 2008. Le pollen.SGF. Vuibert.
  • Markgraf, V. and H. D'Antoni. 1978. Pollen flora of Argentina. University of Arizona Press. Tucson.
  • Mathewes, R.W. 1979. Pollen Morphology of Pacific Northwestern Polemonium species in relation to paleoecology and taxonomy. Can. J. Bot. 57: 2428-2442.
  • McAndrews, J.H. and A.R. Swanson. 1967. The pore number of periporate pollen with special references to Chenopodium. Review of palaeobotany and palynology 3:105-117.
  • McAndrews, J.H., A.A. Berti and G. Norris. 1973. Key to the Quaternary pollen and spores of the Great Lakes region. Royal Ontario Museum Miscellaneous Publication. 2 Copies.
  • Melief, A.B.M. 1985. Late Quaternary paleoecology of the Parque Nacional Natural los Nevados (Cordillera central), and Sumapaz (Cordillera Oriental areas, Colombia. Ph.D. thesis, University of Amsterdam.
  • Moore, P.D. J.A. Webb and M.E. Collinson. 1991. Pollen Analysis. Second edition. Blackwell, London.
  • Murillo, M.T. and M.J.M. Bless. 1978. Spores of recent Columbian Pteridophyta. II. Monolete spores. Review of palaeobotany and palynology 25:319-365.
  • Nilsson, S and J Praglowski. 1992. Erdtman's Handbook of palynology. Munksgaard. 2nd ed.
  • Nilsson, S. and A. Robyns. 1986. World Pollen and Spore Flora 14. Bombacaceae Knuth. Stockholm.
  • Parent, J and P. Richard. 1990. Pollen and spore taxa from northeastern North America. unpubl ms.
  • Parent, J. and P. Richard. 1990. Morphologie pollinique des Cupressaceae de l'est du Canada et du nord-est des Etats-Unis appliquee a l'etude des sediments quaternaires. Canadian Journal of Botany 68:79-89.
  • Parent, J. and P. Richard. 1993. Morphologie pollinique des Caryophyllaceae du Quebec nordique, des terriroires adjacents et de l'archipel Arctique canadien. Canadian Journal of Botany 71:887-905.
  • Pire, S., L Anzotegui and G Cuadrado. 1998. Flora polinica del nordeste argentino. V 1. UNNE.
  • Pons, A. 1970. Le pollen. Presses universitaires de France. Paris.
  • Praglowski, J., J.W. Nowicke, P.R. Raven, J.J. Skvarla and P. Hoch. 1988. World Pollen and Spore Flora 16. Onagraceae Juss. Stockholm.
  • Praglowski, J., J.W. Nowicke, P.R. Raven, J.J. Skvarla and W. Wagner. 1987. World Pollen and Spore Flora 15. Onagraceae Juss. Stockholm.
  • Prentice, I.C. 1981. Quantitive (Birch Betula L.) Pollen Separation By Analysis of Size Frenquency Data. New Pytol. 89:145-157.
  • Punt, W and S. Blackmore. 1991. The Northwest European Pollen Flora. VI. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
  • Punt, W. 1976. The Northwest European Pollen Flora. I. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
  • Punt, W. and G.C.S. Clarke. 1980. The Northwest European Pollen Flora. II. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
  • Punt, W. and G.C.S. Clarke. 1981. The Northwest European Pollen Flora. III. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
  • Punt, W. and G.C.S. Clarke. 1984. The Northwest European Pollen Flora. IV. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
  • Punt, W., S. Blackmore and G.C.S. Clarke. 1988. The Northwest European Pollen Flora. V. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
  • Ramcharan, E., J. McAndrews and J. Grear. 1973. Pollen morphology of Rhynchosia and Eriosema (Fabaceae). Can J Bot 51:2395-2399.
  • Reille, M. 1990. Leçons de palynologie et d'analyse pollinique. Editions des du CNRS. Paris.
  • Richard, P. 1970. Atlas pollinique des arbres et se quelques arbustes indigenes du Quebec. Naturaliste canadien 97:1-34, 97-161, 241-306.
  • Ritchie, J.C., K.A. Hadden and K. Gajewski. 1986. Modern pollen spectra from lakes in arctic western Canada. Can. J. Bot. 65:1605-1613.
  • Scott, L. 1982. Late Quaternary fossil pollen grains from the Transvaal, South Africa. Review of palaeobotany and palynology 36:241-278.
  • Solomon, A.M. 1983. Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy of red oaks in eastern North America. American Journal of Botany 70:495-507.
  • Solomon, A.M. 1983. Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy of red oaks in eastern North America. American Journal of Botany 70:495-507. copy 2
  • Solomon, A.M. 1983. Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy of white oaks in eastern North America. American Journal of Botany 70:481-494.
  • Solomon, A.M. 1983. Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy of white oaks in eastern North America. American Journal of Botany 70:481-494. copy 2
  • Sorsa, P. & P. Huttunen. 1975. On the pollen morphology of the Urticaceae. Annales Botanici Fennici 12:165-182.
  • Sorsa, P. 1964. Studies on the spore morphology of Fennoscandian fern species. Annales Botanici Fennici 1:179-201.
  • Sorsa, P. 1969. Pollen morphological studies on the Mimosaceae. Annales Botanici Fennici 6:1-34.
  • Steeves, M.W. and E.S. Barghoorn. 1959. The pollen of Ephedra. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 60:221-255.
  • Ting, W. 1965. The saccate pollen grains of Pinaceae mainly of California. Grana palynologica 6:270-289.
  • Traverse, A. 1988. Paleopalynology. Unwin Allen. Boston.
  • Tryon, A. 1949. Spores of the Genus Selaginalla in North America, North of Mexico. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 36:413-431.
  • Van Campo, M. et D. Vernier. 1984. Les grain de pollen. Series morphologiques et structures de l'exine. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 118: 255-270.
  • Walker, J.W. 1976. Comparative pollen morphology and phylogeny of the Ranalean complex. in: Beck, C.B., ed. Origin and early evolution of the Angiosperms. Columbia U Press. NY. pp 241-299.
  • Webb, J.A. and P.D. Moore. 1982. The Late Devensian Vegetational History of the Withlaw Mosses, Southeast Scotland. New Phytol. 91:341-398.
  • Weir, G.H. and E.L. Thurston. 19??. Scanning electron microscopic identification of fossil Pinaceae pollen to species by surface morphology. Palynology 1:157-165.
  • West, R.G. 1971. Studying the past by pollen analysis. Oxford Biology Readers.
  • Yulong, Z., Z. Jiontan, D. Naiqiu, K. Zhaochen, Z. Yizhen, G. Guizhen and S. Ziangjun. 1990. Spore morphology of Chinese Pteridophytes. Science Press, Beijing, China.

Wood, Macrofossils and Non-Vascular Plants

(a) Wood Identification

  • Bartholin, Thomas.1979. The Picea-Larix Problem. IAWA Bulletin 1:7-10.
  • Carpenter, C., L. Leney, H. Core, W. Cote and A. Day. 1963. Papermaking fibers. SUNY Colleny of Forestry at Syracuse.
  • Gasson, P and D. Cutler. 1990. Root anatomy of 17 Genera growing in the British Isles. IAWA Bull 11:3-46.
  • Hansen, B.C.S. 1995. Conifer stomata analysis as a paleoecological tool: an example from the Hudson Bay Lowlands. Canadian Journal of Botany. 73:244-252.
  • Hoadley, R.B. 1990. Identifying wood. Taunton Press.
  • Hyland, F. 1974. Fiber analysis and distribution in the leaves, juvenile stems and roots of ten Maine trees and shrubs. UMO Agric Expt Sta Technical Bulletin 71.
  • Mott, R.J. 1998. An Introduction to the identification of Wood from thin sections. Short course given at the University of Ottawa, Department of Geography. Emeritus, Geological Survey of Canada.
  • Mott, R.J. 1998. An Introduction to the identification of Wood from thin sections. Short course given at the University of Ottawa, Department of Geography. Emeritus, Geological Survey of Canada. Copy 2.
  • Panshin, A.J. and C. de Zeeuw. 1970. Textbook of wood technology. Volume 1. McGraw Hill Book Co. New York.
  • Schweingruber, F. 1978. Microscopic Wood Anatomy. Swiss Federal Institute of Forestry Research. Zurich.
  • Trautmann, W. 1953. Zur Unterscheidung fossiler Splatoffnungen er mitteleuropaischen Coniferen. Flora (Jena), 140:523-533. In German.

(b) Phytoliths, Plant Microscopic Parts

  • Fredlund, G. and L. Tieszen. 1994. Modern phytolith assemblages from the North American Great Plains. Journal of Biogeography 21:321-335.
  • Palmer, P.G. and A.E. Tucker. 1981. A scanning electron microscope survey of the epidermis of East African Grasses, I. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No 49.
  • Palmer, P.G. and A.E. Tucker. 1981. A scanning electron microscope survey of the epidermis of East African Grasses, I. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No 49. copy 2.
  • Palmer, P.G. and A.E. Tucker. 1983. A scanning electron microscope survey of the epidermis of East African Grasses, II. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No 53.
  • Palmer, P.G. and S. Gerbeth-Jones. 1986. A scanning electron microscope survey of the epidermis of East African Grasses, IV. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No 62.
  • Palmer, P.G., S. Gerbeth-Jones and S. Hutchison. 1985. A scanning electron microscope survey of the epidermis of East African Grasses, III. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No 55.
  • Sweetman, J.N. 1996. Phytolith Evidence of Vegetation Shifts Across a Fescue Grassland-Aspen Forest Boundary, Prince Albert National Park, Saskatchewan.

(c) Seeds and Fruits

  • Anonymous. 2000. Essays. Resources for the Identification of Plant Macroremains. CAP Newsletter. Volume 23 Number 2.
  • Beetle, A.A. 1943. A key to the North American species of the genus Scirpus based on achene characters. American Midland Naturalist 29:533-538.
  • Crow, G.E. and Hellquist, C.B. 1981. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 2. Typhaceae and Sparganiaceae. University of New Hampshire Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 517.
  • Crow, G.E. and Hellquist, C.B. 1982. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 4. Juncaginaceae, Scheuchzeiaceae, Butomaceae, Hydrocharitaceae. University of New Hampshire Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 520.
  • Crow, G.E. and Hellquist, C.B. 1983. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 6. Trapaceae, Halorageaceae, Hippuridaceae. University of New Hampshire Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 524.
  • Crow, G.E. and Hellquist, C.B. 1985. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 8. Lentibulariaceae. University of New Hampshire Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 528.
  • Cunningham, F.E. 1957. A seed key for five northeastern birches. Journal of Forestry 55:844-845.
  • Delorit, R.J. 1970. Illustrated taxonomy manual of Weed Seeds. Agronomy Publications. River Falls, Wisconsin.
  • Elias, S. and O. Pollak. 1987. Photographic atlas and key to windblown seeds of alpine plants from Niwot Ridge, Front Range, Colorado, U.S.A. Occasional Paper Number 45. Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. U. of Colorado.
  • Fassett, N.C. 1957. A manual of aquatic plants. University of Wisconsin Press. Madison, Wisconsin.
  • Grant, W.F. and B.K. Thompson. 1975. Observations on Canadian birches, Betula cordifolia, B. neoalaskana, B. populifolia, B. papyrifera, and B. x caerulea. Canadian Journal of Botany 53:1478-1490.
  • Gunn, C.R. 1971. Seeds of Native and Naturalized Vetches of North America. USDA Agricultural Research Service Agriculture Handbook No. 392.
  • Gunn, C.R. and F.B. Gaffney. 1974. Seed characteristics of 42 economically important species of Solanaceae in the United States. USDA Agricultural Research Service Technical Bulletin No. 1471.
  • Gunn, C.R. and M.J. Seldin. 1976. Seeds and fruits of North American Papaveraceae. USDA Agricultural Research Service Technical Bulletin No. 1517.
  • Halls, L.K. 1977. Southern Fruit-producing woody plants used by wildlife. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report SO-16.
  • Harlow, W. 1946. Fruit Key and Twig Key to trees and shrubs. Dover Publications. New York.
  • Hellquist, C.B. and G.E. Crow. 1980. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 1. Zosteraceae, Potamogetonaceae, Zannichelliaceae, Najadaceae. University of New Hampshire Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 515.
  • Hellquist, C.B. and G.E. Crow. 1981. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 3. Alismataceae. University of New Hampshire Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 518.
  • Hellquist, C.B. and G.E. Crow. 1982. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 5. Araceae, Lemnaceae, Xyridaceae, Eriocaulaceae, and Pontederiaceae. University of New Hampshire Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 523.
  • Hellquist, C.B. and G.E. Crow. 1984 Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 7. Cabombaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Nelumbonaceae and Ceratophyllaceae. University of New Hampshire Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 527.
  • Hermann, F.J. 1970. Manual of the carices of the Rocky Mountain and Colorado Basin. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook No. 374. Washington, D.C.
  • Hermann, F.J. 1974. Manual of the genus Carex in Mexico and Central America. USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 467. Washington D.C.
  • Hermann, F.J. 1975. Manual of the rushes (Juncus spp.) of the Rocky Mountain and Colorado Basin. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM-18. Fort Collins, Colorado.
  • Isely, Duane. 1947. Investigations in seed classification by family characteristics. Iowa State College of Agriculture Research Bulletin 351: 317-380.
  • Katz, H., C. Katz 1977. Atlas of Seeds and Fruits. In Russian.
  • Katz et al. 1965. Atlas & Keys of Fruits and Seeds occurring in the Quaternary Desert of the USSR. NAVKA Publishing House, Moscow. In Russian. pp.261-347.
  • Landers, J.L. and A.S. Johnson. 1976. Bobwhite Quail food habits in the southeastern United States with a seed key to important foods. Misc Publications #4. Tall Timbers Research Station. Tallahassee, Florida.
  • Levesque, P.E.M., H. Dinel and A. Larouche. 1988. Guide illustre des macrofossiles vegetaux des tourbieres du Canada. Publication No. 1817. Agriculture Canada. Ottawa.
  • Levesque, P.E.M., H. Dinel and A. Larouche. 1988. Guide illustre des macrofossiles vegetaux des tourbieres du Canada. Publication No. 1817. Agriculture Canada. Ottawa.
  • Martin, A.C. and W.D. Barkley. 1961. Seed identification manual. University of California Press. Berkeley, California.
  • Mason, H. 1957. A flora of the marshes of California. University of California Press. Berkeley, California.
  • McClure, D.S. 1957. Seed characters of selected plant families. Iowa State College Journal of Science 31:649-682.
  • Montgomery, F.H. 1977. Seeds and fruits of plants of eastern Canada and northeastern United States. University of Toronto Press. Toronto.
  • Ogden, E.C. 1952. Flora of Maine: Typhaceae.... University of Maine at Orono, Maine. unpublished ms.
  • Ogden, E.C. 1953. Key to the North American species of Potamogeton. New York State Museum circular 31.
  • Ogden, E.C. 1974. Anatomical patterns of some aquatic vascular plants of New York. Bulletin 424. New York State Museum and Science Service. Albany, NY.
  • Ogden, E.C. 1974. Potamogeton in New York. New York State Museum and Science Service Bulletin No. 423.
  • Reznicek, A.A. and P.W. Ball. 1974. The taxonomy of Carex series Lupulinae in Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 52:2387-2399.
  • Schopmeyer, C.S. 1974. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. USDA Forest Service. Washington, D.C.
  • Semple, J.C. and G.S. Ringius. 1983. Goldenrods of Ontario: Solidago and Euthamia. University of Waterloo Biology Series Number 26.
  • Semple, J.C. and S.B. Heard. 1987. The Asters of Ontario: Aster L. and Virgulus Raf. (Compositae: Astereae). University of Waterloo Biology Series Number 30.
  • Trelease, W. 1931. Winter Botany. Dover Publications, New York.
  • Wooten, J.W. 1973. Taxonomy of seven species of Sagittaria from Eastern North America. Brittonia 25:64-74.

(d) "Types"

  • Garneau, M. 1998.Paléoécologie d'une tourbière littorale de l'estuaire maritime du Saint-Laurent, l'Isle Verte, Québec. Comission Géologique du Canada. Bulletin 514.
  • Haas, J. N. 1994. First identification key for charophyte oospores from central Europe. Eur J. Phycol 29:227-235.
  • Haas, J. N. 1996. Neorhabdocoela oocytes - paleoecological indicators found in pollen preparations from Holocene freshwater lake sediments. Rev paleobot palynol 91:371-382.
  • van Geel, B. 1978. A palaeoecological study of Holocene peat bog sections in Germany and The Netherlands, based on the analysis of pollen, spores and macro- and microscopic remains of fungi, algae, cormophytes and animals. Review of palaeobotany and palynology 25(1): 1-120.
  • van Geel, B., G. Coope and T. van der Hammen. 1989. Palaeoecology and stratigraphy of the lateglacial type section at Usselo, The Netherlands. Review of palaeobotany and palynology 60:25-129.

(e) Cryptogams

  • Cody, W.J. 1956. Ferns of the Ottawa District. Canada Department of Agriculture. Ottawa, Ontario.
  • Lowe, Charles W. 1943. List of the Flowering Plants, Ferns, Club Mosses, Mosses and Liverworts of Manitoba. Natural History Society of Manitoba.
  • Schuster, R.M., W.C. Steere and J.W. Thomson. 1959. The terrestrial cryptogams of northern Ellesmere Island. National Museum of Canada Bulletin 164. Ottawa.
  • Tryon, R.M. 1954. The Ferns and Fern Allies of Minnesota. University of Minnesota Press. Minneapolis.
  • Vitt, D., J. Marsh and R. Bovey. 1988. Mosses, lichen and ferns of northwest North America. Lone Pine publishing.

(f)  Fungi

  • Ammirati, J.F., J.A. Traquair and P.A. Horgen. 1986. Champignons veneneux et nocifs du Canada. Editions Marcel Broquet, Inc. Ottawa.
  • Anonymous. n.d. Key to some common species of the Polyporaceae. unpubl ms. University of Maine at Orono, Dept of Botany.
  • Bisby, G.R. et al. 1929. The Fungi of Manitoba. Logmans, Green and Co. Toronto, Ontario.
  • Elsik, W. 1983. Annotated glossary of fungal palynomorphs. AASP Contribution Series number 11.
  • Kreiger, L. 1936. The mushroom handbook. Dover.
  • ngold, C. 1975. Guide to Aquatic Hyphomycetes. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 30.
  • Sherwood-Pike, M. 1988. Freshwater fungi: fossil record and paleoecological potential. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62: 271-285.

(g) Lichens

  • Brodo, I. 1990. Lichens de la region d'Ottawa. National Museum of Natural Sciences. Ottawa.
  • Brodo, I. 1991. Studies in the lichen genus Ochrolechia. 1. Corticolous species of North America. Canadian Journal of Botany 69:733-772.
  • Brodo, I.M., S.D. Sharnoff and S. Sharnoff. 2001. Lichens of North America. Yale University Press.
  • Hale, M. 1979. How to know the lichens. Wm. C. Brown Co. Dubuque, Iowa.
  • Lutzoni, F. n.d. Taxonomie des lichens boreaux et arctiques. Class notes for FOR-62044, Universite Laval.
  • Thomson, J.W. 1984. American Arctic Lichens. 1. the macrolichens. Columbia U Press.
  • Thomson, J.W. 1997. American Arctic Lichens. 2. the microlichens. U. Wisc. Press.
  • Van Hemert, D. n.d. Key to the common lichens of Maine. unpubl ms. University of Maine at Orono. Dept of Botany.

(i) Mosses

  • Andrews, A.L. ed by Grout, A.J. 1940. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Bryaceae(II) Volume II, Part 4. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Anonymous. n.d. Key to the genera of mosses. unpubl ms. University of Maine Dept of Botany.
  • Arnell, Sigfrid. 1956. Illustrated Moss Flora of Fennoscandia. I. Hepaticae. Fasc. 2. CWK Gleerup. Lund, Sweden.
  • Bastien, D.-F. et M. Garneau. 1997. Clé d'identification macroscopic de 36 espèces de Sphaignes de l'est du Canada. Comission géologique du Canada Rapport divers 61.
  • Bellolio-Trucco, G. and R.P. Ireland. 1990. A taxonomic study of moss genus Dicranum (Dicranaceae) in Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Journal of Botany 68:867-909.
  • Brassard, G. and D. Weber. 1978. The mosses of Labrador Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 56:441-466.
  • Conard, H.S. 1956. How to know the Mosses and Liverworts. Wm. C. Brown Co. Dubuque, Iowa.
  • Crum, H. 1984. North American Flora. Sphagnopsida. Sphagnaceae. New York Botanical Garden. New York.
  • Crum, Howard A and Lewis E.A. 1981. Class Sphagnopsida in Mosses of Eastern North America. Volume I. Columbia University Press. New York. pp.21-66.
  • Crum, H and L Anderson. Mosses of Eastern North America vol 1. Columbia
  • Crum, H and L Anderson. Mosses of Eastern North America vol 2. Columbia
  • Dixon, H.N. 1954. The Student's Handbook of British Mosses. Third Edition. Sumfield &Day Ltd. London.
  • Frappier, M. 1998. Introduction a la Bryologie seminaire dans le cadre du cours GEG3706 Paleogeographie du Quaternaire.
  • Grout, A.J. 1928. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume III, Part 1. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1931. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume III, Part 2. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1932. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume III, Part 3. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1934. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume III, Part 4. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1935. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume II, Part 2. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1935. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume II, Part 3. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1936. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume I, Part 1. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1937. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume I, Part 2. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1938. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume I, Part 3. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Grout, A.J. 1939. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume I, Part 4. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Haavisto, V.F. 1974. Sphagnum mosses of Ontario: identification by macroscopic features. Information Rept O-X-216. Canadian Forestry Service. Great Lakes Forest Research Centre. Sault Ste. Marie. Ontario.
  • Janssens, J. 1987. Ecology of peatland bryophytes and paleoenvironmental reconstruction of peatlands using fossil bryophytes. Unpubl ms. University of Minnesota Dept of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Minneapolis, Minn.
  • Jones, G.N. ed by Grout, A.J. 1933. Moss Flora of North America North of Mexico. Grimmiaceae Volume II, Part 1. Published by the author. NewFane, Vt.
  • Karlin, E.F. and R.E. Andrus. 1988. The Sphagnum of New Jersey. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 115(3), pp. 168-195.
  • Long, D.G. 1985. 1. Polytrichaceae. Illustrated Moss Flora of Arctic North America and Greenland. Ed G.S. Mogensen. Meddelelser om Gronland, BioScience 17. Copenhagen.
  • McQueen, C.B. 1990. Field guide to the peat mosses of Boreal North America. University Press of New England. Hanover.
  • Nyholm, Elsa. 1956. Illustrated Moss Flora of Fennoscandia. II. Musci. Fasc. 1. CWK Gleerup. Lund, Sweden.
  • Nyholm, Elsa. 1956. Illustrated Moss Flora of Fennoscandia. II. Musci. Fasc. 2. CWK Gleerup. Lund, Sweden.
  • Schuster, R.M. 1951. The Hepaticae of the east coast of Hudson Bay. National Museum of Canada. Bulletin 122. Ottawa.
  • Schuster, R.M. 1953. The American Midland Naturalist. Volume 49, Number 22. Boreal Hepaticae. A manual of the Liverworts of Minnesota and Adjacent Regions. University of Notre Dame Press. Notre Dam, Indiana.
  • Vitt, D.H. and R.E. Andrus. The genus Sphagnum in Alberta. Canadian Journal of Botany 55:331-357.

 

Paleolimnology & Limnology

  • Cole, G. 1975. Textbook of Limnology. Mosby.
  • Edmondson, W. 1959.Freshwater Biology (Ward & Whipple). Wiley.
  • Fifiels, F and P Haines. 1995. Environmental analytical chemistry. Blackie.
  • Frey, D. 1966. Limnology in North America. W Wisc Press.
  • Garrels, r and C Christ. 1965. Solutions, Minerals and Equilibria. Freeman.
  • Harrison, R and S deMora. 1996. Introductory Chemistry fo the environmental Sciences. Cambridge
  • Haworth, E and J Lund. 1984. Lake sediments and environmental history. U Min nPress.
  • Leng, M., ed. 2006.Isotopes in Paleonvironmental research. Springer.
  • Pourriot, R and M Meybeck. 1995. Limnologie gĂ©nĂ©rale. Masson.
  • Stumm, W and J Morgan. 1970. Aquatic Chemistry. Wiley.

 

Paleolimnology - Phytoplankton

(i) General

  • Ingold, C.T. 1975. Guide to Aquatic Hyphomycetes. Freshwater Biological Association. Scientific Publication No. 30.
  • Smith, G.M. 1933. The Fresh-water Algae of the United States. McCraw-Hill Book Co. New York.
  • Stoermet, E and J Smol, eds.. 1999.The diatoms. Cambrodge.
  • Tilden, J. 1910. Minnesota Algae. Volume I. Report of the Survey Botanical Series VII. Minneapolis, Minnesota.
  • Wehr, J.D and R.G. Sheath (eds). 2003. Freshwater Algae of North America Ecology and Classification. Academic Press. New York.

(ii) Diatoms

  • Anderson, N.J. 1990. The biostratigraphy and taxonomy of small Stephanodiscus and Cyclostephanos species (Bacillariophyceae) in a small eutrophic lake, and their ecological implications. British Phycological Journal 25:217-235.
  • Anonymous. n.d. Sediment diatom slide preparation. Unpubl ms.
  • Antoniades, D. et al. 2008. The freshwater flora of Prince Patrick, Ellef Rignes, and northern Ellesmere Islands from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Grantner.
  • Barber, H and E. Haworth. 1981. A guide to the morphology of the diatom frustule. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 30. 2 Copies.
  • Barber, H and E. Haworth. 1981. A guide to the morphology of the diatom frustule. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 44. Copy 1.
  • Berard-Therriault, L., A. Cardinal et M. Poulin. 1987. Les diatomees (Bacillariophyceae) benthiques de substrats durs des eaux marines et saumatres du Quebec. 8. Centrales. Naturaliste canadien 114:81-103.
  • Berard-Therriault, A. Cardinal et M. Poulin. 1986. Les diatomees (Bacillariophyceae) benthiques de substrats durs des eaux marines et saumatres du Quebec. 6. Naviculales: Cymbellaceae et Gomphonemaceae. Naturaliste canadien 113:405-429.
  • Bradbury, J.P. 1988. Fossil Diatoms and Neogene paleolimnology. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62:299-316.
  • Camburn, K.E. and D.F. Charles. 2000. Diatoms of Low-Alkalinity Lakes in the Northeastern United States. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Special Publication 18.
  • Campeau, S., R Pienitz and A Hequette. 1999. Diatoms from the Beaufort Sea coast, southern Arctic Ocean (Canada). Bibliotheca Diatomologica Band 42. J Cramer.
  • Cardinal, A., M. Poulin et L. Bernard-Theriault. 1984. Les diatomees benthiques de substrats durs des eaux marines et saumatres du Quebec. 4. Naviculales, Navivulaceae (a l'exclusion des genres Navicula, Donkinia, Gyrosigma et Pleurosigma). Naturaliste canadien 111:369-394.
  • Cardinal, A., M. Poulin et L. Bernard-Theriault. 1986. Les diatomees benthiques de substrats durs des eaux marines et saumatres du Quebec. 5. Naviculales, Navivulaceae; Les genres Donkinia, Gyrosigma et Pleurosigma). Naturaliste canadien 113:167-190.
  • Cox, E.J. 1996. Identification of freshwater diatoms from live material. Chapman and Hall.
  • Cumming, B.F., S.E. Wilson, R.I. Hall and J.P. Smol. 1995. Diatoms from British Columbia (Canada) and their relationship to salinity, nutrients and other limnological variables. Bibliotheca Diatomologica Band 31. J. Cramer. Berlin.
  • Dodd, J.J. 1987. The illustrated flora of Illinois. Diatoms. Southern Illinois University Press.
  • Douglas, M.S.V. 1989. Taxonomic and Ecological Characterization of Freshwater Diatoms from sediments of 36 High Arctic Ponds (Cape Herschel, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T., Canada).
  • Douglas, M.S.V. and J.P. Smol. 1993. Freshwater diatoms from high-arctic ponds (Cape Herschel, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.) Nova Hedwigia 57:511-552.
  • Fallu, MA, N Allaire and R Pienitz. 2000. Freshwater diatoms from northern Quebec and Labrador (Canada). Bibliotheca Diatomologica. Band 45.
  • Foged, N. 1953. Diatoms from West Greenland. Meddelelser om Gronland 147(10).
  • Foged, N. 1955. Diatoms from Peary Land, North Greenland. Meddelelser om Gronland 128(7).
  • Foged, N. 1958. The Diatoms in the basalt area and adjoining areas of Archean Rock in West Greenland. Meddelelser om Gronland 156(4).
  • Foged, N. 1972. The Diatoms in four postglacial deposits in Greenland. Meddelelser om Gronland 194(4).
  • Foged, N. 1973. Diatoms from Southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Gronland 194(5).
  • Germain, H. Flore des Diatomees eaux douces et saumatres. Societe nouvelles des editions Boubee. Paris.
  • Gleser, F.I. et al., 1974. The diatoms of the USSR. Fossil and Recent. Volume 1. Otto Koeltz Science Publishers. Koenigstein.
  • Gronlund, T., G. Lortie, J.-P. Guilbault, M.A. Bouchard and M. Saarnisto. 1990. Diatoms and arcellaceans from Lac du Cratere du Nouveau-Quebec, Ungava, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 68:1187-1200.
  • Hamilton, P. (ed). 1994. Proceedings of the Fourth Arctic-Antarctic Diatom Symposium (Workshop), Canadian Museum of Nature Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, September 18-21, 1993. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No. 1957.
  • Hamilton, P., M. Poulin and M. Taylor. 1990. Neidium alpinum var quadripunctatum (Hustedt) comb. nov., an important acidobiontic taxon from northeastern Norht America. Diatom Research 5:289-299.
  • Hamilton, P., M. Poulin, C. Prevost, M. Angell and S.A. Edlund. 1994. Americanarum Diatomarum Exsiccata: Fascicle II (Cana), Voucher slides representing 34 lakes, ponds and streams from Ellesmere Island, Canadian High Arctic, North America. Diatom Research 9:303-327.
  • Hamilton, P.B., M. Poulin, and D. Walker. n.d. Neidium hitchcockii (Ehrenberg) Cleve a morphologically complex taxon within the genus Neidium (Naviculales Bacillariophyta).
  • Hartley, B. 1996. An Atlas of British Diatoms. P.A. Smith (ed). Biopress Limited. England.
  • Kingston, J. 2001. North American Diatom Symposium. 16th Meeting, Camp du Nord. NRRI's Ely Field Station.
  • Krammer, K. and H. Lange-Bertalot. 1991. Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. 2/3. Bacillariophyceae. Tiel 3. Centrales, Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae. Gustav Fischer Verlag.
  • Krammer, K. and H. Lange-Bertalot. 1991. Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. 2/4. Bacillariophyceae. Tiel 4. Achnanthaceae. Gustav Fischer Verlag.
  • Krammer, K. and H. Lange-Bertalot. 1991. Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. 2/5. Bacillariophyceae. Tiel 5. English and Fench translation of the keys. Gustav Fischer Verlag.
  • Krammer, K. and H. Lange-Bertalot. 1997. Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. 2/1. Bacillariophyceae. Tiel 1. Naviculaceae. Gustav Fischer Verlag.
  • Krammer, K. and H. Lange-Bertalot. 1997. Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. 2/2. Bacillariophyceae. Tiel 2. Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. Gustav Fischer Verlag.
  • Krammer, K. 1997. Die cymbelloiden Diatomeen. Volume 1. Allgemeines und Encyonema Part. Bibliotheca Diatomologica Band 36. J Cramer. Berlin.
  • Krammer, K. 1997. Die cymbelloiden Diatomeen. Volume 2. Encyonema part., Encyonopsis and Cymbellopsis. Bibliotheca Diatomologica Band 37. J Cramer. Berlin.
  • Krammer, K. 2000. THe genus Pinnularia. Gantner.
  • Lange-Bertalot, H and D. Metzeltin. 1996. Iconographia Diatomologica. Annotated Diatom Micrographs. V 2. Koeltz Scientific Books. Germany.
  • Lange-Bertalot, H (ed). 1996. Iconographia Diatomologica. Annotated Diatom Micrographs. V 4. Koeltz Scientific Books. Germany.
  • Lange-Bertalot, H and S Genkal. 1999. Diatoms from Siberia I. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.
  • Lange-Bertalot, H. 2001. Diatoms of Europe.V 2: Navicula sensu stricto. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.
  • Lipsey, L.L. Jr. 1987. Freshwater diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) from the northeastern Glacial Lake District of Wisconsin. I. Attheya, Cyclotella, Melosira, Rhizosolenia and Stephanodiscus (Order Centrales). Rhodora 89:261-278.
  • Lipsey, L.L. Jr. 1988. Freshwater diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) from the northeastern Glacial Lake District of Wisconsin. I. Cymbellonitzschia, Hantzschia and Nitzschia (Order Pennales, Family Nitzschiaceae). Rhodora 90:379-397.
  • Lortie, G. 1983. Les diatomees fossiles de deux tourbieres ombrotrophes du bas-Saint-Laurent, Quebec. Geographie physique et Quaternaire 37:159-177.
  • Metzeltin, D and F Garcia-Rodriguez. 2003. Las diatomeas Uruguayas. DIRAC.
  • Metzeltin, D and H Lange-Bertalot. 1998. Tropical diatoms of South America I. Gantner.
  • Metzeltin, D and H Lange-Bertalot. 2007. Tropical diatoms of South America II. Gantner.
  • Patrick, R. and C. Reimer. 1966. The Diatoms of the United States. Volume 1. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Monograph Number 13.
  • Patrick, R. and C. Reimer. 1975 The Diatoms of the United States. Volume 2, Part 1. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Monograph Number 13.
  • Poulin, M., L. Berard-Theriault et A. Cardinal. 1984. Les diatomees benthiques de substrats durs des eaux marines et saumatres du Quebec. 2. Tabellarioideae et Diatomoideae (Fragilariales, Fragilariaceae) Naturaliste canadien 111:275-295.
  • Poulin, M. 2002. 17th International Diatom Symposium. Programme and Book of Abstracts. Ottawa, Canada.
  • Poulin, M., L. Berard-Theriault et A. Cardinal. 1984. Les diatomees benthiques de substrats durs des eaux marines et saumatres du Quebec. 3. Fragilarioideae (Fagilariales, Fragilariaceae) Naturaliste canadien 111:349-367.
  • Poulin, M., L. Berard-Therriault et A. Cardinal. 1987. Les diatomees (Bacillariophyceae) benthiques de substrats durs des eaux marines et saumatres du Quebec. 7. Naviculales (les genres Plagiotropis et Entomoneis), Epithemiales et Surilellales. Naturaliste canadien 114:67-80.
  • Poulin, M., L. Berard-Therriault, A. Cardinal et P.B. Hamilton. 1990. Les diatomees (Bacillariophyta) benthiques de substrats durs des eaux marines et saumatres du Quebec. 8. Bacillariaceae. Naturaliste canadien 117:73-101.
  • Reavie, E and J Smol. 1998. Freshwater diatoms from the St Lawrence River. Bibliotheca Diatomologica. Band 41.
  • Reimer, C.W. and M.V. Henderson. Bibliography, addenda, and corrigenda for The Diatoms of the United States, Vol. 1 and Vol. 2, Part 1. Proceedings of the Academic of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 151: 129-155.
  • Round, F.E., R.M. Crawford and D.G. Mann. 1990. The diatoms. Cambridge U Press.
  • Ruhland, K. et al. 2000. 9th Annual Arctic, Antarctic (Alpine) Diatom Workshop. Kingston, Ontario.
  • Rumrich, U et al. 2000. Diatoms of the Andes. Gantner.
  • Siver, P et al. 2005. Diatoms of North America. the freshwater flora of Cape Cod. Gantner.
  • Van de Vijver, B., L. Beyens and H. Lange-Bertalot. 2004. The Genus Stauroneis in the Arctic and (Sub-) Antarctic Regions. Bibliotheca Diatomologica. Band 51. J. Cramer. Berlin, Stuttgart.
  • Vinyard, W. 1974. Key to the genera of diatoms of the inland waters of temperate North America. Mad River Press.
  • Vyverman, W., R Vyverman, D Hodgson and P Tyler. 1995. Diatoms from Tasmanian mountain lakes: a reference data-set for environmentla reconstruction and a systematic and autecological study. Biblio Diatomologica Band 33.

(iii) Chrysophytes

  • Brasier, M.D. 1980. Microfossils. Chapman & Hall. New York.
  • Carney, H., M. Whiting, K. Duff and D. Whitehead. 1992. Chrysophycean cysts in Sierra Nevada (California) lake sediments: paleoecological potential. Journal of paleolimnology 7:73-94.
  • Douglas, M. and J.P. Smol. 1987. Siliceous protozoan plates in lake sediments. Hydrobiologia 154:13-23.
  • Duff, K et al. 1995. Atlas of Chrysophycean Cysts. Volume I. Kluwer.
  • Duff, K. and J. Smol. 1991. Morphological descriptions and stratigraphic distributions of the chrysophycean stomatocysts from a recently acidified lake (Adirondack Park, N.Y.). Journal or paleolimnology 5:73-113.
  • Duff, K. and J.P. Smol. 1988. Chrysophycean stomatocysts from the postglacial sediments of a High Arctic lake. Canadian Journal of Botany 66:1117-1128.
  • Duff, K., M.Douglas and J. Smol. 1992. Chrysophyte cysts in 36 Canadian high arctic ponds. Nordic Journal of Botany 12:471-499.
  • Smol, J. 1988. Chrysophycean microfossils in paleolimnological studies. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62:287-297.
  • Smol, J. D. Charles and D.Whitehead. 1984. Mallomonadacean (Chrysophyceae) assemblages and their relationships with limnological characteristics in 38 Adirondack (New York) lakes. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:911-923.
  • Wilkinson, A. et al. 2001. Atlas of Chrysophycean Cysts. Volume II. Kluwer.

(iv) Dinoflagellates

  • Dodge, J. 1985. Atlas of Dinoflagellates. Farrand Press, London.
  • Norris, G. 1978. Phylogeny and a revised supra-generic classification for Triassic-Quaternary organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts (Pyrrhophyta). Part I. Cyst terminology and assessment of previous classifications. N.Jb. Geol. Palaont. Abh. 155:300-317.
  • Norris, G. 1978. Phylogeny and a revised supra-generic classification for Triassic-Quaternary organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts (Pyrrhophyta). Part II. Families and sub-orders of fossil dinoflagellates. N.Jb. Geol. Palaont. Abh. 156:1-30.
  • Norris, G., and J. McAndrews. 1970. Dinoflagellate cysts from post-glacial lake muds, Minnesota (U.S.A.) Review of palaeobotany and palynology 10:131-156.

(v) Other Algae, Macrophytes

  • Jackson, S.T. and D.F. Charles. 1988. Aquatic macrophytes in Adirondack (New York) lakes: patterns of species composition in relation to environment. Canadian Journal of Botany 66:1449-1460.
  • Komarek, J and V Jankovska. 2001. Review of the green algal genus Pediastrum; implications for pollen-analytical research. Biblio Phycologica Band 108.
  • Soulie-Marsche, I. 1991. Charophytes as lacustrine biomarkers during the Quaternary in North Africa. Journal of African Earth Sciences 12:341-351.
  • Soulie-Marsche, I. 1993. Apport des charophytes fossiles a la recherche de changements climatiques abrupts. Bull Soc geol France 164:123-130.

Paleolimnology - Zooplankton and other indicators

(a) General

  • Heinrichs, M.L. et al. 1997. Midge- and diatom-based palaeosalinity reconstructions for Mahoney Lake, Okanagan Valley, British Columbia, Canada. Kluwer Academic Publishers. International Journal of Salt Lake Research 6: 249-267.
  • Hutchinson, G.E. 1970. Ianula: An Account of the History and Development of the Lago Di Monterosi, Latinum, Italy. The American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia.
  • Jones, J. 1979. A guide to methods for estimating microbial numbers and biomass in fresh water. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 39.
  • Warwick, W.F. 1980. Palaeolimnology of the Bay of Quinte, Lake Ontario: 2800 years of cultural influence. Department of Fisheries and Oceans. Bulletin 206. Ottawa.

(i) General

  • Balcer, M., N. Korda and S. Dodson. 1984. Zooplankton of the Great Lakes. University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Needham, J. and P. Needham. 1962. A guide to the study of Fresh-water Biology. Holden-Day, San Francisco.
  • Peckarsky, B., P. Fraissinet, M. Penton, & D. Conklin Jr. 1990. Freshwater Macroinvertebrates of northeastern North America. Comstock Publishing.
  • Pennak, R. 1989. Fresh-water Invertebrates of the United States. 3rd Edition. Wiley, N.Y.
  • Thorp, J and A. Covich (eds). 1991. Ecology and classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. Academic Press, N.Y.

(ii) Chironomids

  • Andersen, T., et al. 2013. Chironomidae of the Holarctic region. Supplement 66
  • Anonymous. Appendix Notes on the identification and ecology of fossil Chironomidae.
  • Brooks, S. et al. 2007. The identification and use of Palaearctic Chironomidae larvae in palaeoecology. Quaternry Research Assocaition. Tech Guide 10. (2 copies)
  • Cook, E.D. 1981. Chaoboridae in Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 1. Canadian Government Publishing Centre. Hull, Quebec. pp.335-339.
  • Cranston, P.S. 1982. A key to the larvae of the British Orthocladiinae (Chironomidae). Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 45.
  • Currie, D.C. and I.R. Walker. 1992. Recognition and palaeohydrological significance of fossil black fly larvae, with a key to the Nearctic genera (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of paleolimnology 7:37-54.
  • Oliver, D.R. and M.E. Roussel. 1983. The Genera of larval midges of Canada. Diptera: Chironomidae. Publication 1746. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada. Ottawa. 4 Copies.
  • Oliver, D.R. Chironomidae in Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 1. Canadian Government Publishing Centre. Hull, Quebec. pp.423-458.
  • Rieradevall, M. and S.J. Brooks. 2001. An Identification guide to subfossil Tanypodinae larva (Insecta: Diptera: Chironomidae) based on cephalic setation. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Journal of Paleolimnology 25:81-99.
  • Walker, I. R., 2000. The WWW Field Guide to Subfossil Midges. (http://www.ouc.ca/eesc/iwalker/wwwguide/)
  • Walker, I.R. 1987. Chironomidae (Diptera) in paleoecology. Quaternary Science Reviews 6:29-40.
  • Walker, I.R. 1992. The larva and habitat of Parakiefferiella nigra brundin (Diptera: Chironomidae.) Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 26(2-4):527-531.
  • Walker, I.R. and C.G. Paterson. 1985. Efficient separation of subfossil Chironomidae from lake sediments. Hydrobiologia 122:189-192.
  • Walker, I.R. S.E. Wilson and J.P. Smol. 1995. Chironomidae (Diptera): quantitative palaeosalinity indicators for lakes of western Canada. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 52: 950-960.
  • Weiderholm, T. 1983. Chironomidae of the Holarctic region. Keys and diagnoses. Part 1 - Larvae. Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 19.

(iii) Simuliidae

  • Currie, D and I Walker. 1992. Recognition and palaeohydrologic significance of fossil black fly larvae, with a key to the Nearctic genera (Diptera: Simuliidae). J Paleolim 7:37-54.

(iv) General insecta

  • Arnett, R. 1971. The Beetles of the United States. American entomological Institute, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  • Borror, D. and D. DeLong. 1971. An Introduction to the study of Insects. Holt, Reinhart and Winston. New York.
  • Johannsen, O.A. 1969. Aquatic Diptera. Entomological Reprint Specialists. Los Angeles, California.
  • Malcolm, S. 1971. The water beetles of Maine: including the families Gyrinidae, Haliplidae, Dytiscidae, Noteridae, and Hydrophilidae. Technical Bulletin 48. Life Sciences and Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Maine at Orono.

(v) Cladocera

  • Korovchinsky, N.M. 1992. Sididae and Holopediidae. Guides to the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world. Vol 3. SPB Academic Publ.
  • Korosi, J and J Smol. 2012. An illustrated guie to the identification of cladoceran subfossils in northern North America. Part 1. J Paleolim.
  • Korosi, J and J Smol. 2012. An illustrated guie to the identification of cladoceran subfossils in northern North America. Part 2. J Paleolim.
  • Orlova-Bienkowskaja, M. 2001. Cladocera: Anomopoda. Guides to the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world. Vol 17. Blackhuys Publ.
  • Rivier, IK. 1998. The predatory cladocera (Onychopoda: Podonidae, Polyphemidae, Cercopagidae) and Leptodorida of the world. Guides to the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world. Vol 13. Blackhuys Publ.
  • Sanford, P.R. 1993. Bosmina longirostris antennule morphology as an indicator of intensity of planktivory by fishes. Bulletin of Marine Science 53:216-227.
  • Scourfield, D. and J. Harding. 1966. British Freshwater Cladocera. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 5.
  • Smirnov, N.N. 1992. The Macrothricidae of the world. Guides to the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world. Vol 1. SPB Academic Publ.
  • Smirnov, N.N. 1996. Cladocera: the chydorinae and Sayciinae (Chydoridae) of the World. Guides to the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world. Vol 11. SPB Academic Publ.
  • Sewwtman, J and J Smol. 2006. A guide to the identification of cladoceran remains in Alaskan lake sediments. Arch Hydrobiol 151:353-394.
  • Szeroczynska, K and K Sarmaja-Korjonen. 2007. Atlas of subfossil cladocera from central and northern Europe. Lower Vistula Society.
  • Whiteside, M.C. and M.R. Swindoll. 1988. Guidelines and limitations to Cladoceran paleoecological interpretations. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62:405-412.

(vi) Ostracoda

  • Benson, R.H. and H.C. MacDonald. 1963. Postglacial (Holocene) ostracodes from Lake Erie. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 4: 1-26.
  • Bobinet, J.-F., J.-P. Colin and Y. Tambareau. 1996. Late Cretaceous non-marine ostracods from Europe: biostratigraphy, palaeobiogeography and taxonomy. Cretaceous Research 17: 151-167. Academic Press Limited.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1967. Field key and methods of collecting freshwater ostracodes in Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 45:1275-1281.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1968. Pleistocene freshwater Ostracoda from Yukon, Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 46: 859-876.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1969. On the identify of the ostracode genera Cypriconcha and Megalocyris. Canadian Journal of Zoology 47:271-281.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1969. Ostracodes as Quaternary paleoecological indicators. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. 6: 1471.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1970. Freshwater ostracodes of Canada. Part I. Subfamily Cypridinae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 48:153-168.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1970. Freshwater ostracodes of Canada. Part II. Subfamily Cypridopsinae and Herpetocypridinae and family Cyclocyprididae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 48:253-266.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1970. Freshwater ostracodes of Canada. Part III. Family Candonidae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 48:1099-1127.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1970. Freshwater ostracodes of Canada. Part IV. Families Ilyocyprididae, Notodromadidae, Darwinulidae, Cytherideidae, and Entocytheridae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 48:1251-1259.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1971. Freshwater ostracodes of Canada. Part V. Families Limnocytheridae, Loxoconchidae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 49:43-64.
  • Delorme, L.D. 1971. Paleoecology Determinations using Pleistocene Freshwater Ostracodes. Bull. Centre Rech. 5:341-347.
  • Engstrom, D.R. and S.R. Nelson. 1991. Paleosalinity from trace metals in fossil ostracodes compared with observational records at Devils Lake, North Dakota, USA. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 83: 295-312. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. Amsterdam.
  • Forester, R.M. 1991. Ostracode Assemblages from Springs in the Western United States: Implications for Paleohydrology. Mem. Ent. Soc. Can. 155: 181-201.
  • Furtos, N.C. 1933. The Ostracoda of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin 29, 5(6): 413-524. 2 Copies.
  • Furtos, N.C. 1935. Fresh-water Ostracoda from Massachusetts. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences Vol. 25, No.12.
  • Grafenstein, U.v. et al. 1999. A Mid-European Decadal Isotope-Climate Record from 15,500 to 5000 Years B.P. Science Reprint Series 248: 1654-1657.
  • Grafenstein, U.v. et al. 2000. Isotope signature of the Younger Dryas and two minor oscillations at Gerzensee (Switzerland): palaeoclimatic and palaeolimnologic interpretation based on bulk and biogenic carbonates. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 159: 215-229. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. Amsterdam.
  • Griffiths, H.I. and J.A. Holmes. 2000. Non-marine ostracods and Quaternary palaeoenvironments. Technical Guide 8, Quaternary Research Association, London.
  • Gutentag, E.D. and R.H. Benson. 1962. Neogene (Plio-Pleistocene) fresh-water ostracodes from the central high plains. Geological Survey of Kansas, Bulletin 157(4): 1-60.
  • Hammarlund, D. 1999. Ostracod stable isotope records from deglacial isolation sequence in southern Sweden. Boreas 29: 564-574.
  • Hoff, C.C. 1942. The Ostracods of Illinois Their Biology and Taxonomy. The University of Illinois Press. Urbana.
  • Holmes, J.A. 1992. Nonmarine ostracods as Quaternary palaeoenvironmental indicators. Progress in Physical Geography 16,4: 405-431.
  • Holmes, J.A. and A.R. Chivas (eds). 2002. The Ostracoda Applications in Quaternary Research. American Geophysical Union. Washington, DC.
  • Holmes, J.A. et al. Holocene palaeolimnology of Kajemarum Oasis, Northern Nigeria: an isotopic study of ostracodes, bulk carbonate and organic carbon. Journal of the Geological Society 154: 311-319. London.
  • Karanovic, I. 2012. Recent freshwater ostracods of he world. Springer.
  • Kempf, Eugen Karl. Index of Nonmarine Ostracoda 1-10 and 14. Bibliography of Nonmarine Ostracoda A-E (part D on CD Rom).
  • Loffler, H. 1969. Recent and subfossil distribution of Cytherissa lacustric (Ostracoda) in Lake Constance. Mitt. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 17: 240-251.
  • Nutall, P.M. 1969. The taxonomy, ecology and distribution of the freshwater ostracods of Ontario. M.Sc. Thesis University of Waterloo, 134 pp.
  • Nuttall, P and C. Fernando. 1971. Fresh water Ostracoda of Ontario. Univ of Waterloo Biology Series Number 1.
  • Park, L.E. and A.J. Smith (eds). 2003. Bridging the Gap Trends in the Ostracode Biological and Geological Sciences. The Paleontological Society Papers. Vol. 9.
  • Sars, G.O. 1926. Freshwater Ostracoda from Canada and Alaska. Report of the Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-18. Vol. 11: Crustacea Part 1: Ostracoda. Ottawa. 2 Copies.
  • Staplin, F.L. 1963. Pleistocene Ostracoda of Illinois. Part I. Subfamilies Candoninae, Cyprinae, General Ecology, Morphology. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 37, No.4: 758-797.
  • Stout, L.N. 1975. Polytypic Species and Hybridization in Quaternary Fresh-Water Ostracods of North America. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 159: 215-229Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. Amsterdam.
  • Swain, F.M. 1963. Pleistocene Ostracoda from the Gubik Formation, Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska. Journal of Paleontology. 37(4): 798-834.
  • Tressler, W.L. 1950. A synopsis of the ostracod genus Cypricercus, with a description of one new species from Wyoming. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences Vol. 40, No.9.
  • Tressler, W.L. 1957. Ostracoda of Great Slave Lake. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences Vol. 47, No.12.

(vii) Copepoda

  • Dussart, B.H. and D. Defaye. 1995. Copepoda Introduction to Copepoda. In Dumont, H.J. (ed). Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World. SPB Academic Publishing.
  • Einsle, U. 1988. Taxonomy of the genus Megacyclops (Crustacea, Copepoda): morphology and the use of enzyme electrophoresis. Hydrobiologia 167:387-391.
  • Einsle, U. 1988. Cyclops canadensis n.sp. and Cyclops scutifer Sars 1863 (Crustacea: Copepoda) from northern Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 66:2146-2149.
  • Harding, J and W. Smith. 1974. A key to the British Freshwater Cyclopid and Calanoid Copepods. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 18.
  • Smith, K. and C. Fernando. 1978. A guide to the freshwater Calanoid and Cyclopoid Copepod Crustacea of Ontario. University of Waterloo Biology Series number 18.

(viii) Rotifera

  • Chengalath, R., C. Fernando and M. George. 1971. Planktonic Rotifera of Ontario. University of Waterloo Biology Series Number 2.
  • deSmet, W. and J. Bafort. 1990. Contributions to the rotifers of the Canadian High Arctic. I. Monogonont rotifers from Little Cornwallis Island, Northwest Territories. Naturaliste canadien 117:253-261.
  • Nogrady, T. and J. Smol. 1989. Rotifers from five high arctic ponds (Cape Herschel, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T). Hydrobiologia 173:231-242.
  • Nogrady, T., R.L. Wallace and T.W. Snell. 1993. Rotifera. Volume 1: Biology, Ecology and Systematics. In Dumont, H.J. (ed). Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World. SPB Academic Publishing.
  • Pontin, R. 1978. A key to British Freshwater Planktonic Rotifera. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 38.
  • Warner, B. and R. Chengalath. 1991. Habrotrocha angusticollis (Bdelloidea: Rotifera): a new paleoecological indicator in Holocene peat deposits in Canada. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol 24:2738-2740.
  • Warner, B. and R. Chengalath. 1988. Holocene fossil Habrotrocha angusticollis (Bdelloidea: Rotifera) in North America. Journal of paleolimnology 1:141-147.

(ix) Tardigrada

  • vanRompu, E.A., W.H. deSmet and L. Beyens. 1992. Contributions to the Tardigrada of the Canadian High-Arctic 1. Freshwater Tardigrades from Devon Island, Northwest Territories. Canadian Field-Naturalist 106:303-310.

(x) Bryozoans

  • Mundy, S. 1980. A key to the British and European Freshwater Bryozoans. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication 41.

(xi) Molluscs

  • Baker, F.C. 1898. The Mollusca of the Chicago Area. The Pelecypoda. Bulletin III, Part I. Natural History Survey, Chicago Academy of Sciences.
  • Baker, F.C. 1902. The Mollusca of the Chicago Area. The Gastropoda. Bulletin III, Part II. Natural History Survey, Chicago Academy of Sciences.
  • Burch, J. 1962. How to know the eastern land snails. Wm C. Brown Co. Dubuque, Iowa.
  • Clarke, A.H. 1981. Les mollusques d'eau douce du Canada. Musee national des sciences naturelles Musees nationaux du Canada. Ottawa.
  • Emerson, W. and M. Jaconbson. 1976. Guide to shells: land, freshwater and marine from Nova Scotia to Florida. Alfred Knopf. New York.
  • Karrow, P. 1974. Notes on molluscs for glacial geologists. unpubl ms.
  • Macpherson, E. 1971. The marine molluscs of arctic Canada. National Museums of Canada. Publications in Biological Oceanography no 3. Ottawa.
  • Martin, S.M. 1997. Freshwater Mussels (Bivalvia: Unionoida) of Maine. Northeastern Naturalist. Vol. 4, No. 1.
  • Taylor, D.W. 1988. Aspects of freshwater mollusc ecological biogeography. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62:511-576.

(xii) Testate amoebae (rhizopods)

  • Charman, D.J., D. Hendon and W.A. Woodland. 2000. The Identification of Testate Amoebae (Protozoa: Rhizopoda) in Peats. Quaternary Research Institute. London.
  • Medioli, F.S. and D.B. Scott. 1988. Lacustrine thecamoebians (mainly arcellaceans) as potential tools for paleolimnological interpretations. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62:361-386.

(xiii) Foraminiferae

  • Cushman, J. 1976. Foraminifera. Harvard University Press. Cambridge.

(xiv) Sponges (Porifera)

  • Ricciardi, A and H Reiswig. 1993. Freshwater sponges (Porifera, Spongillidae) of eastern Canada: taxonomy, distribution and ecology. Can J Zool 71:665-682.
  • Schonborn, von Wilfried. 1990. Analysis of subfossil shelled protozoa in the sediments of a small acid forest lake (in German) Limnologica (Berlin) 21:137-145.

(xv) Protozoa

  • Harrison, F. 1988. Utilization of freshwater sponges in paleolimnological studies. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62:387-397.
  • Jahn, T. 1949. How to know the Protozoa. Wm C. Brown Co. Dubuque, Iowa.
  • Lee, J.J., G. F. Leedale and P. Bradbury (eds). 2000. The Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Volume I. 2nd Edition. Society of Protozoologists. Lawrence, Kansas.
  • Lee, J.J., G. F. Leedale and P. Bradbury (eds). 2000. The Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Volume II. 2nd Edition. Society of Protozoologists. Lawrence, Kansas.

Sediment Analysis

  • Anderson, R. Y. and W.E. Dean. 1988. Lacustrine varve formation through time. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62:215-235.
  • Briggs, D. 1977. Sediments. Butterworths. London.
  • Cushing, E and H. Wright. 1965. Hand-operated piston corers for lake sediment. Ecology 46:380-384.
  • Davis, R.B. and R.W. Doyle. 1969. A piston corer for upper sediment in lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 14:643-648.
  • Departement des Sciences de la terre, UQAM. 1999. Les Cahiers du GEOTOP No3. Techniques de preparation et d'analyse en micropaleontology.
  • Engstrom, D.R. and H.E. Wright, Jr. 1984. 1. Chemical stratigraphy of lake sediments as a record of environmental change. In: E. Haworth and J. Lund, eds. Lake sediments and environmental history. pp 11-67. Leicester University Press.
  • Gale, S. and P. Hoare. 1991. Quaternary sediments. J. Wiley.
  • Girard, I. And R.A. Klassen. 2001. A comparison of seven methods for analysis of carbon in soils. Geological Survey of Canada.
  • Glew, J. 1989. A new trigger mechanism for sediment samplers. J. Paleolimnology 2:241-243.
  • Glew, J. 1991. Miniature gravity corer for recovering short sediment cores. J. Paleolimnology 5:285-287.
  • Glew, J.R. 1988. A portable extruding device for close interval sectioning of unconsolidated core samples. Journal of paleolimnology 1:235-239.
  • Huttunen, P and J. Merilainen. 1978. New freezing device providing large unmixed sediment samples from lakes. Ann Bot Fennici 15:128-130.
  • Lewis, D. W. and D. McConchie. 1994. Analytical Sedimentology. Chapman and Hall. New York.
  • Nesje, A. 1992. A piston corer for lacustrine and marine sediments. Arctic and Alpine Research 24:257-259.
  • Sanger, J. 1988. Fossil pigments in paleoecology and paleolimnology. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 62:343-359.
  • Troels-Smith, J. 1955. Characterization of Unconsolidated sediments. Dansmarks Geologiske Undersogelse IV Series 3(10).
  • Walden, J., F. Oldfield and J. Smith (eds). 1998. Environmental Magnetism. Quaternary Research Association. Technical Guide No. 6.
  • Wright, H.E. Jr. 1967. A square-rod piston sampler for lake sediments. Journal of sedimentary petrology ??:975-976. 2 Copies.
  • Wright, H.E., Jr. 1980. Cores of soft lake sediments. Boreas 9:107-114. 2 Copies.

Dendrochronology

  • Fritts, H. 1976. Tree-rings and Climate. Academic.
  • Kaennel, M and F Schweingruber. 1995.Multilingual glossary of dendrochronology. Haupt.
  • Stokes, M and T Smiley. 1968. An introduction to tree-ring dating. U Arizona Press.

 

Lab Techniques

  • Anderson, R. 1965. Methods of collecting and preserving vertebrate animals. National museum of Canada. Bull 69.
  • Benford, J. 1960. The theory of the microscope. Bausch & Lomb.
  • Johnston, I. n.d. The preparation of botanical specimens for the herbarium. Cambosco Scientific Co. Boston.
  • Kallenbach, E. 1986. The light microscope. Charles C. Thomas Publisher. Springfield, Illinois.
  • PALE Steering Committee. 1993. Research Protocols for PALE. PAGES Workshop Report Series 94-1.
  • Robertson, K. 1980. Observing, photographing and collecting plants. Illinois Natural History Survey Circular 55. Urbana Illinois.
  • Rousseau, J. 1932. L'organisation d'un herbier. Bibliothèque des jeunes naturalistes. 4 pp.
  • Thomson, D. and S. Bradbury. 1987. An introduction to photomicrography. Royal Microscopical Society Microscopy Handbook 13. Oxford Science Publs.

General Paleoecology

  • Berglund, B. ed. 1979. Palaeohydrological changes in the temperate zone in the last 15 000 years. Subproject B: Lake and Mire Environments. IGCP Project 158.
  • Delcourt, H.R. and P.Delcourt. 1991. Quaternary Ecology. A paleoecological perspective. Chapman & Hall. New York.
  • Dincauze, D. 2000. Environmental Archaeology. Principles and Practice. Cambridge U Press.
  • Ferdière, Alain., ed.1999. La botanique. Editions Errance.
  • Glass, B.P. 1973. A Key to the Skulls of North American Mammals. 2 nd Edition. Department of Zoology Oklahoma State University. Stillwater, Oklahoma.
  • Gray, J. 1988. Paleolimnology. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Warner, B.G. (ed) 1990. Methods in Quaternary Ecology. Geoscience Canada. Reprint Series 5. Ontario.

Protocols

  • Berglund, B. 1986. Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology. Wiley.
  • Environment Canada. 1983. Sampling for Water Qualtiy.
  • Kummel, B. and D. Raup. 1965. Handbook of paleontological techniques. W.H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco.
  • Last, M.L. and J.P. Smol (eds). 2001. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Volume 1: Basin Analysis, Coring, and Chronological Techniques. Kluwer Academic Publisher. Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Last, M.L. and J.P. Smol (eds). 2001. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Volume 2: Physical and Geochemical Methods. KluwerAcademic Publisher. Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Smol, J.P., J.B. Birks and M.L. Last (eds). 2001. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Volume 3: Terrestrial, algal and siliceous Indicators. Kluwer Academic Publisher. Dordrecht, The Netherlands
  • Smol, J et al. (eds) 2001. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Volume 4: Zoological Indicators. Kluwer Academic Publisher. Dordrecht, The Netherlands
  • Birks, HJB et al. (eds) 2012. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Volume 5 Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. KluwerAcademic Publisher. Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

 

 

 

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